French, Italian and Japanese car
manufacturers made the most environmentally friendly automobiles for
sale in Europe last year, a study released Thursday said.
The report, by an independent European group campaigning for
cleaner modes of transport, said France's PSA Peugeot Citroen SA
sold the lowest carbon dioxide-emitting fleet of cars in 2006. The
company's cars emitted an average 142 grams of CO2 a kilometre.
Italy's Fiat SpA, which had a fleet average of 144 grams a
kilometre, was No. 2 followed by France's Renault SA, with 147
Toyota Motor Corp., which is vying with U.S. giant General Motors
Corp. for the title of world's largest automaker by sales this year,
came in fourth with 153 grams a kilometre, while its rival GM came
in sixth, with 163 grams a kilometre.
Germany's BMW AG, the world's biggest maker of luxury cars, and
DiamlerChrysler AG, now called Daimler AG, had the highest polluting
cars last year the study said, while other carmakers Ford Motor Co.,
Volkswagen AG and Honda Motor Co. ranked middle of the pack.
The report card was written by the Brussels-based European
Federation for Transport and Environment, which is pushing EU
governments to adopt new rules to impose strict CO2 limits on the
Jos Dings, director of the federation, called on car
manufacturers that scored lower to follow the lead of French and
Italian carmakers to reduce the weight of automobiles, which it said
helps in cutting emissions.
``The failure to cut the weight of cars is one of the principal
reasons why CO2 emissions and fuel consumption are not going down,''
The automobile industry has said it is working hard to introduce
greener cars but manufacturers from Europe, Japan and South Korea
have said they are unlikely to meet a European target to reduce CO2
emissions to 140 kilometres a kilometre by the end of 2009.
The study gathered its emissions statistics from various compiled
national and EU sources on 14 top carmakers that sold over 200,000
vehicles in Europe in 2006. Data analysis was carried out by the
independent Institute for European Environmental Policy in London.