Negotiators for the United Auto Workers union and
Chrysler LLC bargained through the night and continued talks
Wednesday morning with just hours to go before a strike deadline.
The UAW set an 11 a.m. ET deadline to reach a tentative agreement
or have about 49,000 workers leave their jobs at 24 U.S. factories
and other sites, a move that could cause temporary layoffs at
In a memo to local union leaders, the UAW said it would stop
extending its contract with Chrysler at 11:59 p.m. Tuesday, but that
deadline passed with no announcement from the UAW. The contract was
supposed to expire Sept. 14 but has been extended since then.
``The company has thus far failed to make an offer that
adequately addresses the needs of our membership,'' UAW president
Ron Gettelfinger and the UAW's chief Chrysler negotiator, General
Holiefield, said in the memo sent Monday.
UAW spokesman Roger Kerson declined to comment early Wednesday.
Chrysler spokeswoman Michele Tinson would say only that the talks
continued through the night.
Chrysler's deadline comes as UAW members at General Motors Corp.
wrap up voting on their own tentative contract. The UAW was expected
to announce Wednesday whether a majority of GM's union members
approved the agreement, which was reached Sept. 26 after a two-day
strike. Contracts can't go into effect until workers approve them.
David Cole, chairman of the Center for Automotive Research in Ann
Arbor, said Tuesday that it appeared the GM contract would be
ratified with about 60 per cent of the vote despite protests from
some members. The historic agreement establishes lower pay for some
workers and puts GM's retiree debt into a UAW-run trust in exchange
for promises of future work at U.S. plants.
Typically, the union crafts an agreement with one Detroit
automaker and then persuades the other two to match its terms. But
it was clear that Chrysler wanted a different deal than the one
given to GM. The UAW is expected to bargain with Ford Motor Co.
Chrysler entered the talks seeking health care cost concessions
that the UAW already granted to GM and Ford in 2005. Bargaining also
has centred on how much Chrysler would pay into a company-funded,
union-run trust that would take over its unfunded retiree health
care costs, estimated at US$18 billion.
The union agreed to the creation of such a trust last month in
GM's contract, but GM needed the trust more than Chrysler because it
has 340,000 retirees and surviving spouses _ compared with 78,000 at
Chrysler _ and billions more in retiree health care obligations.
Also at issue are the union's desire for job security pledges at
U.S. factories and Chrysler's wish to contract out parts
transportation now done by higher-wage union members, according to a
person briefed on the talks. The person requested anonymity because
the talks are private.
At factories and union halls across the Detroit area Tuesday,
workers filled out paperwork for strike pay and signed up for picket
Some workers said they didn't know what to expect from the talks
because Chrysler recently became a private company. Daimler AG
completed the sale of a majority share in Chrysler to the private
equity firm Cerberus Capital Management LP in August, shortly after
the contract talks began.
Melvin Thompson, president of a UAW local at a Chrysler truck
plant in Warren, near Detroit, said there is uncertainty in having a
new bargaining partner.
``There is a difference,'' he said. ``We don't know what that
difference is yet.''
It would be to Cerberus's advantage to settle some of Chrysler's
labour cost issues in the new contract without a lengthy strike,
said Standard & Poor's credit analyst Gregg Lemos-Stein.
``One would have to imagine if their return on investment would
be superior if they were to achieve a contract that would address
some of these very serious legacy cost issues,'' he said.
Analysts agreed that a short-term strike would have little effect
on Chrysler and might even help the company reduce inventory.
Chrysler had a 71-day supply of cars and trucks on dealer lots at
the end of August, according to Ward's AutoInfoBank. An ideal supply
is around 60 days.
But a walkout that lasts longer than a month would start to cut
into sales, said Paul Taylor, chief economist with the National
Automobile Dealers Association. Taylor said a strike could hurt
sales of hot-sellers like the Chrysler Aspen sport utility vehicle
and Jeep Wrangler four-door. Chrysler also is in the middle of the
critical launch of its new minivans.
Chrysler said it had already planned to idle five assembly plants
and some parts making factories for short stretches during the next
two weeks to adjust its inventory to a slowing U.S. automotive
Setting a strike deadline doesn't necessarily mean workers will
leave their jobs. The UAW could extend its old contract hour-by-hour
as it did with GM for nine days before going on a two-day strike